The top 5 countries, Guinea, Australia, Brazil, Vietnam and Jamaica, hold over 70% of the world's documented bauxite reserves.
Of these counties only Australia, Brazil and Jamaica have realised their potential as bauxite mining or alumina producing nations. While still a major bauxite producer sovereign risk has stunted development of the industry in Guinea to a fraction of its full potential.
Strict nationalistic policies in Vietnam have resulted in the industry only just beginning to emerge. Indonesia also possesses significant bauxite holdings and has become a major exporter to China.
World Bauxite Reserves – Key Counties
Brief details of the bauxite in key counties is provided below. More extensive analysis if these countries is provided in sections at the end of this document.
- Guinea: High alumina content. Major concentration areas: Lower Kindiaand Boke (around 5 billion),Central Labe (500 million), Gaoual(500 million); and Upper Dabola(around 1.9 billion).
- Australia: Abundant reserves of easily mined surface deposits. Major concentration areas include: 1) the Gulf of Carpentaria, 2) Darling Ranges, 3) Mitchell Plateau and Cape Bougainville.
- Brazil: 90% of Brazil’s bauxite is distributed in Para State in northern Brazil.
- Vietnam: Mainly distributed in DakLak, DakNong, Kon Tum and Lam Dong provinces in central and southern Vietnam. Deposits are mainly lateritic (Al2O3 36-39% or sedimentary (Al2O3 39-65%).
- India: Widely distributed, however 60% of all identified reserves are in Orissa and Andhra Pradesh along East Coast.
- Indonesia: Mainly distributed in Bangka Island, Belitung Island, West Kalimantan and Riau Province (Bintan Island).
Source: USGS; CMGroup;